VERHOGING (n. f.)

ERHÖHUNG (deu.) · HEIGHTENING (eng.) · REHAUT (fra.)
TERM USED IN EARLY TRANSLATIONS
/ · EMINENS (lat.) · ERHEBUNG (deu.) · FALLING (eng.) · RISE (TO) (eng.) · RISING (eng.) · SWELLING (eng.)

FILTERS

LINKED QUOTATIONS

2 sources
5 quotations

Quotation

De wijdtlopigheydt der dinghen welcker ghelijckenissen dese dappere kunste soeckt voor te stellen, wordt op een gantsch andere wijse van Socrates verhandelt; de Schilders, seght hy {apud Xenoph. Lib. 3 Apomnem.}, soecken met haere verwen af te beelden verdiepte ende verhooghte, verdonckerde ende verlichte, harde ende sachte, ruyghe ende gladde, nieuwe ende oude lichaemen.

[Suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] The diffuseness of things which similitudees this brave art tries to portray, is treated by Socrates in a completely different manner; the Painters, he says {…}, try to depict with her paints deepened and heightened, darkened and lit, hard and soft, rough and smooth, new and old bodies.

This is one of the few instances in this text where Junius refers directly to the effect of the material, the colours. [MO]

verdiepte

term translated by EMINENS in JUNIUS, Franciscus, De pictura veterum libri tres, Amsterdam, Joannes Blaeu, 1637., p.2
term translated by SWELLING in JUNIUS, Franciscus, The Painting of the Ancients, in Three Bookes : declaring by Historicall Observations and Examples, the Beginning, Progresse, and Consummation of that most Noble Art. And how those Ancient Artificers attained to their still so much admired Excellencie. Written first in latine by Franciscus Junius, F. F. And now by him englished, with some Additions and Alterations, trad. par JUNIUS, Franciscus, London, Richard Hodgkinsonne, 1638., p.5

Conceptual field(s)

EFFET PICTURAL → qualité des couleurs

Quotation

't Gaet vast en seker dat d'alderbeste Meesters die hare Konst in Koper, Yvoor, Marmer, ofte oock in verscheydene verwen oeffenen, uyt de naturelicke dinghen selver eenigh grondt-leeringhen trecken om haere imitatie nae 't voorschrift der selvigher te richten, om niet alleen den gantschen omtreck der voorghestelder lichaemen recht wel te treffen, maer oock om 't licht ende de schaduwe, de verhooginghen ende de verdiepingen nae 't leven uyt te drucken.

[Suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] It is certain that the very best Masters who practice their Art in Copper, Ivory, Marble, or also in different paints, extract some precepts from the natural things themselves to direct their imitation after the precepts of this, to not only strike the entire contour of the depicted bodies well, but also to express the light and shadow, the highlights and depths after life.

This section is not present in the first Latin edition of 1637, but is included in the 1694 editions. [MO]

term translated by RISING in JUNIUS, Franciscus, The Painting of the Ancients, in Three Bookes : declaring by Historicall Observations and Examples, the Beginning, Progresse, and Consummation of that most Noble Art. And how those Ancient Artificers attained to their still so much admired Excellencie. Written first in latine by Franciscus Junius, F. F. And now by him englished, with some Additions and Alterations, trad. par JUNIUS, Franciscus, London, Richard Hodgkinsonne, 1638., p.67

Conceptual field(s)

EFFET PICTURAL → qualité de la lumière

Quotation

Daer uyt ontstaet het oock dat dieghene dewelcke met enckele verwen hebben gheschildert altijd eenighe verhooghinghen ende verdiepinghen ghebruycken; want het hun andersins onmoghelijck soude sijn de bysondere leden door haere bysondere linien t’onderscheyden, seght Quint. XI.3. Dus sien wy dat de Konstenaers allenthalven in haere wercken eenighe schaduwen ofte verdiepinghen te passe brenghen, ten eynde dat het ghene ’t welck in haere Schilderyen verhooght is, met meerder kracht moght uytsteken en d’oogen der aenschouwers selfs oock buyten het tafereel soude schijnen t’ontmoeten.

[Suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] From this it also occurs that those who have painted with few colours always use some highlights and depths; because otherwise it would be impossible to discern the specific parts through their specific lines, says Quint. (…). As such we see that the Artists use some shadows or depths everywhere in their works, with the goal that that which is heightened in their Paintings, stands out with more power and will appear to also meet the eyes of the spectators outside the panel.

verdiepingh

term translated by EMINENS in JUNIUS, Franciscus, De pictura veterum libri tres, Amsterdam, Joannes Blaeu, 1637., p.167
term translated by RISE (TO) in JUNIUS, Franciscus, The Painting of the Ancients, in Three Bookes : declaring by Historicall Observations and Examples, the Beginning, Progresse, and Consummation of that most Noble Art. And how those Ancient Artificers attained to their still so much admired Excellencie. Written first in latine by Franciscus Junius, F. F. And now by him englished, with some Additions and Alterations, trad. par JUNIUS, Franciscus, London, Richard Hodgkinsonne, 1638., p.275

Conceptual field(s)

EFFET PICTURAL → qualité de la lumière
CONCEPTION DE LA PEINTURE → lumière

Quotation

Zeuxis, Polygnotas, ende Euphranor hebben met eenen sonderlingen arbeyd ghesocht haere stucken behoorlicker wijse te beschaduwen ende met eenen levendighen gheest in te aessemen; soo plaghten sy mede daer nae te staen datse in haere verdiepsels ende verhooghsels den oppersten lof boven d’andere Meesters moghten verwerven. Philostr. Lib. II. Cap. 9. De vita Apollonij.

[Suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] Zeuxis, Polygnotas and Euphranor have attempted by means of a remarkable labour to shade their pieces in a reasonable manner and to breathe a lively spirit in them; as such they attempted to achieve the highest praise over the other Masters with their depths and highlights. Philostr. (…)

term translated by EMINENS in JUNIUS, Franciscus, De pictura veterum libri tres, Amsterdam, Joannes Blaeu, 1637., p.168
term translated by FALLING in JUNIUS, Franciscus, The Painting of the Ancients, in Three Bookes : declaring by Historicall Observations and Examples, the Beginning, Progresse, and Consummation of that most Noble Art. And how those Ancient Artificers attained to their still so much admired Excellencie. Written first in latine by Franciscus Junius, F. F. And now by him englished, with some Additions and Alterations, trad. par JUNIUS, Franciscus, London, Richard Hodgkinsonne, 1638., p.275

Conceptual field(s)

EFFET PICTURAL → qualité de la lumière

Quotation

Aengesien dat den Liefhebber in ’t vervolgh van dese Verlichterie-Kunde, dickwils van het aenleggen, schaduwen, diepen en hoogen sal gewaeght vinden, als zijnde de voornaemste doeningen in ’t oeffenen der Water-Verwen; soo sal het noodigh zijn, kortelijk van elcks yets tot grondighe verstaningh daer van aen te mercken, wantmen sonder grondige kennis daer van te hebben, tot de volkomene oeffeninghe deser Konste niet en kan komen.
Wy beginnen dan eerstelijck het aenleggen te verklaren, zijnde het begin van alle wercken diemen in dese Konst wil aenvangen. Aenleggen dan is, soo wanneermen eenigh dingh, met eenerhande Coleur van Verwe diemen daer toe verkiest, na sijn believen vlack en eenparigh aenleyt en simpel overdeckt, sonder eenighe schaduwe of dagh waer te nemen. Aengeleyt zijnde, soo volght wanneer dat Coleur droogh is, datmen het uytschaduwe en verdiepe, ghelijckwe dat doorgaens in ’t vervolgh soo sullen noemen; en geschiet op die gront, welcke te vooren aengeleyt is; sulcks geschiet altijt door een Verwe welcke veel vetter, stercker ofte bruynder is, als die daer sy mede beleyt is: waer door dan de Parthyen van doncker en licht onderscheyden en afgepaelt werden; alsoo datmen de schaduwen, en de vlackheydt der dingen kan beseffen, en siet uytheffen, daer sy te vooren plat schenen;  (…)
Nu de derde waernemingh die is verhoogen, welcke op de lichte plaets van alle dingen, als daer den dagh sonder eenige schaduwe het sterckst opvalt, moet geschieden; en komt dese verhoogingh meest te geschieden op hooge en uytsteeckende parthyen, gelijck aen de Menschen op de Kaecken, boven op de Neus, op het Voor-hooft, Kinne, Schouderen, Borst, Billen, Elleboogh, Knyen, &c. Van gelijcken in Kleedinghen op de ployen, en vlacke deelen der Ledematen die door deselve werden uyt-gedruckt; en voorts alles wat sich boven de vlackte verheft; dit doetmen met een lichter Verwe en blyer Coleur, als daer ’t mede aengheleyt is: en verhooght het alsoo als het na sijn Trap min of meer, na het sterckste licht aerdende, verlicht is, om dat te doen ronden en voorkomen, &c. (…)
de schaduwen nu diemen op het Gront-Papier doet, komen oock over een met de schaduwen diemen in ’t Schilderen met een stercker Verwe over ’t aengeleyde heen leght; de hooghsels komen van gelijcke over een; de diepsels accordeeren met de toetsen, diemen hier en daer inde Teyckeningh inset; invoegen geen onderscheyt tussen het Teyckenen en Verlichterie-Schilderen en is, als de handelingh vande Pinceel, en datmen sich telckens inbeelt dat yeder aangeleyt Coleur daermen op Schilderen moet, een soort van Gront-papier is daermen op Teyckent, en datmen voor die tijt de handelingh van Teyckenen oeffent, diemen wassen noemt. Staet oock noch aen te mercken, datmen de schaduwen, diepsels en hooghsels alle tijt moet schicken, na dat het Coleur vande gront-vlackte is, op welckmen die komt te leggen: want die niet evenredigh zijnde, soo sullense of te hart, indiense te sterck zijn, ofte flets en Kernemelkachtigh by aldiense niet behoorlijck krachtigh en zijn.

[suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] As the Amateur will often find the building up , shadowing, deepening and heightening discussed in the continuation of this Verlichterie-Kunde, as they are the principal actions in the practice of Watercolouring; as such it is necessary, to briefly mention something for the profound understanding of them, because one cannot acquire a perfect practice of this Art, without profound knowledge of it. We start first by explaining the building up, being the start of all that one wants to do in this Art. Building up is, when one builds up a thing, with any Colour of Paint that one choses for it, flat and uniformly as is desired and simply covers, without paying attention to any shadow or light. Built up, once the paint is dry, one continues by shadowing and deepening, as we will call it from now on; and it is done on the ground, which was build up beforehand; it is always done by means of a colour that is greasier, stronger or darker than the one with which it was build up: because of which the Parts of dark and light are discerned and framed; that is, that one can recognize the shadows and flatness of things, and see them rise, while they appeared to be flat before; [...] The third observation now is heightening, which should happen at the light spot of all things, where the light falls strongest without any shadow; and this heightening mostly occurs on high and protruding parts, such as on Humans on the Jaws, on top of the Nose, on the Forehead, Chin, Shoulders, Breast, Buttocks, Elbow, Knees, etc. . Similarly in Clothing on the folds, and flat parts of Limbs that are expressed by it; and furthermore everything that raises itself above the surface; this is done with a lighter Paint and happier Colour, as the one with which it is build up: and heighten it in a way as it is lit up more or less according to its level, towards the strongest light, to round it and make come forward, etc. [...] now the shadows that are made on the grounded Paper, also coincide with the shadows that, in Painting, one places over the first layer with a stronger Paint; the highlights also coincide; the depths accord with the touches, that are placed here and there in the Drawing; and there is no difference between Drawing and Illumination-painting, as the handling of the Brush, and that one often imagines that every applied Colour on which one has to Paint, is a kind of grounded paper on which one Draws, and that one practices the manner of Drawing beforehand, which is called washing. It may also be remarked, that one should always place the shadows, depths, highlights, after the Colour of the ground-surface, on which it is placed: because if these are not corresponding , they will be too hard – if they are too strong – or too weak and Buttermilk-like – if they are not sufficiently strong.

hooghsel
diepsel

Conceptual field(s)

EFFET PICTURAL → qualité de la lumière