ZACHT (adj.)

DOLCE (ita.) · DOUX (fra.) · LÉCHÉ (fra.) · MOELLEUX (fra.) · MÜRB (deu.) · SACHT (deu.) · SANFT (deu.) · SOFT (eng.) · ZART (deu.)
TERM USED IN EARLY TRANSLATIONS
MOLLIS (lat.) · SACHT (deu.) · SANFT (deu.) · SOFT (eng.) · SWEET (eng.) · ZART (deu.)

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LINKED QUOTATIONS

4 sources
6 quotations

Quotation

De wijdtlopigheydt der dinghen welcker ghelijckenissen dese dappere kunste soeckt voor te stellen, wordt op een gantsch andere wijse van Socrates verhandelt; de Schilders, seght hy {apud Xenoph. Lib. 3 Apomnem.}, soecken met haere verwen af te beelden verdiepte ende verhooghte, verdonckerde ende verlichte, harde ende sachte, ruyghe ende gladde, nieuwe ende oude lichaemen.

[Suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] The diffuseness of things which similitudees this brave art tries to portray, is treated by Socrates in a completely different manner; the Painters, he says {…}, try to depict with her paints deepened and heightened, darkened and lit, hard and soft, rough and smooth, new and old bodies.

This is one of the few instances in this text where Junius refers directly to the effect of the material, the colours. [MO]

hard

term translated by MOLLIS in JUNIUS, Franciscus, De pictura veterum libri tres, Amsterdam, Joannes Blaeu, 1637., p.2
term translated by SOFT in JUNIUS, Franciscus, The Painting of the Ancients, in Three Bookes : declaring by Historicall Observations and Examples, the Beginning, Progresse, and Consummation of that most Noble Art. And how those Ancient Artificers attained to their still so much admired Excellencie. Written first in latine by Franciscus Junius, F. F. And now by him englished, with some Additions and Alterations, trad. par JUNIUS, Franciscus, London, Richard Hodgkinsonne, 1638., p.5

Conceptual field(s)

EFFET PICTURAL → qualité des couleurs

Quotation

Ludovicus Davincy willende sijn Discipulen leeren hoe sy hun wegen hare Schilder-Konst by yeder een aengenaem souden maecken, niet teghenstaende sy van bysondere smaecken mochten wesen, gaf haer dese Lesse: Namentlijck dat sy in een en de selve Ordinantie, sommighe dinghen souden brengen die sterck geschaduwt, ende andere wederom die veel sachter aengetast waren, doch in sulcker voegen datmen de reden en oorsaeck van waer de stercke ende flaeuwe schaduwen voortquamen, klaerlijck kon bekennen.

[suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] Leonardo da Vinci, wanting to teach his Disciples how they could make themselves accepted by everyone because of their Painting, notwithstanding they might be of a specific taste, gave them this Lesson: Namely that in one single Composition they would place things that are heavily shadowed, and others as well that were touched upon much softer, yet in such a way that one could clearly recognize the reason and origin from where the strong and weak shadows came from.

flaeuw
sterck

Conceptual field(s)

EFFET PICTURAL → qualité de la lumière

Quotation

{Kantigh Teykenen en dommeligh Teykenen beyde een gebreck onderworpen.} Het kantigh Teyckenen, ende het sacht Teyckenen, is inden beginne, beyde een gebreck onderworpen: door het al te sacht of dommeligh Teyckenen, vervaltmen seer licht in voosigheydt; en door het snel en kantigh Teyckenen in stijvigheydt: Maer om van twee quaden ’t beste te kiesen, sal ’t nochtans beter sijn het vlack en snel Teyckenen, al isset schoon een weynigh na den stijven aert, als datmen om saght en mals te Teyckenen in een Kinderachtige manniere van voosigheydt gheraeckt: Want de stijvigheydt kan door dat middel alreede aengewesen is, in ’t korte wel overwonnen werden.

[suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] {Edgy Drawing and fuzzy Drawing are both subject to a flaw.} The edgy Drawing and the soft Drawing, are in principal both subject to a flaw: by drawing to softly or fuzzily, one easily lapses into fuzziness; and by Drawing quickly and edgily into stiffness: But to choose the best out of two evils, it would be better to draw flat and quick, even though it is a little bit too stiff, than to arrive at a childish manner of fuzziness by drawing softly and tenderly: Because the stiffness may be defeated by the method which has already been pointed out.

Conceptual field(s)

CONCEPTION DE LA PEINTURE → dessin
EFFET PICTURAL → qualité du dessin

Quotation

Daerom datmen sich van jonghs aen seer saght, flaeuw en eenparigh sal ghewennen te Tecykenen, en in die flaeuwigheyt soo veel als doenlijck is, de verminderingh ofte Perspective van doncker en licht sien in te voeren;

[suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] Therefore one should accustom oneself to Draw very soft, weak and even, and introduce the diminution or Perspective of dark and light in that weakness as good as possible;

Conceptual field(s)

EFFET PICTURAL → qualité du dessin

Quotation

{Visschen en haar gebruik.} Wat nu voor ’t laatst de Visschen aangaat, men mag de zagste buiten twijfel wel voor de beste houden, en zy worden gebruikt, om de verwen, alsze tegen elkanderen behoorlijk geschikt zijn, te verdryven, zagt en donzig in elkanderen te mengen; op dat het leven op ’t zoetste en natuurlijkste werde nagebotst

[translation: BEURS, en préparation, transl. Myra Scholz:] {Fitches and their use} As for the last of them, the fitches, the softest ones can without doubt be considered the best, and they are used to blend the colors—if they go reasonably well together—into a soft and velvety mix, so that nature is imitated in the sweetest and most natural way.

Conceptual field(s)

EFFET PICTURAL → qualité des couleurs

Quotation

Wanneerze nu aldus behoorlijk en zagt geschildert zijn, zoo moetmen daarop [ndr: on the red grapes] natuirlijk den dauw brengen, gelijk als op de witte druiven, en aldus meede opglansen en in de reflexie laxeeren zomtijds met lak, of lak en schijtgeel en zomtijds met bruine schijtgeel alleen, na dat men van ’t leeven zelfs zal gebooden werden.

[translation: BEURS, en préparation, transl. Myra Scholz:] Once they are painted correctly and carefully in this way, they of course still need bloom on them, like the white grapes, and must therefore also be given a sheen and a glaze in the reflection, sometimes with lake, or lake and yellow lake, at other times with only brown yellow lake, depending on what the life situation requires.

Conceptual field(s)

EFFET PICTURAL → qualité des couleurs