CARNATION (n.)

CONCEPTION DE LA PEINTUREcouleur
L’HISTOIRE ET LA FIGUREfigure et corps
EFFET PICTURALqualité des couleurs
GENRES PICTURAUXportrait
MATERIALITE DE L’ŒUVREcouleurs
CARNATION (fra.) · CARNATION (deu.) · CARNE (ita.) · INCARNAAT (nld.) · INCARNATION (deu.) · LIJF-VERWE (nld.) · VLEESCHICHEYT (nld.)
TERM USED AS TRANSLATIONS IN QUOTATION
CARNATION (fra.) · NU (fra.)
CAYUELA, Élodie, « CARNATION », dans HECK, Michèle-Caroline (éd.), LexArt. Les mots de la peinture (France, Allemagne, Angleterre, Pays-Bas, 1600-1750) [édition anglaise, 2018], Montpellier, Presses Universitaires de la Méditerranée, 2018, p. 112-116.
COUSINIÉ, Frédéric, « De la morbidezza du Bernin au “sentiment de la chair” dans la sculpture française des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècle », dans COUSINIÉ, Frédéric (éd.), Beautés fuyantes et passagères : la représentation et ses “objets-limites” aux XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles, Saint-Pierre-de-Salerne, G. Monfort, 2005, p. 139-155.
DELAPLANCHE, Jérôme, Un tableau n'est pas qu'une image : la reconnaissance de la matière de la peinture en France au XVIIIe siècle, Rennes, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2016.
FEND, Mechthild, Fleshing out Surfaces. Skin in French Art and Medicine, 1650-1850, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2017.
GUÉDRON, Martial, De chair et de marbre : imiter et exprimer le nu en France (1745-1815), Paris, Champion, 2003.
LEHMANN, Anne-Sophie, « Hautfarben : zur Maltechnik des Inkarnats und der Illusion des lebendigen Körpers in der europäischen Malerei der Neuzeit », dans GEISSMAR-BRANDI, Christoph et HIJLYA-KIRSCHNEREIT, Irmela (éd.), Geschiter der Haut, Frankfurt am Main, Stroemfeld - Nexus, 2002, p. 93-128.
LICHTENSTEIN, Jacqueline, La tâche aveugle. Essai sur les relations de la peinture et de la sculpture à l'âge moderne, Paris, Gallimard, 2003.

FILTERS

CONCEPTUAL FIELDS

LINKED QUOTATIONS

6 sources
7 quotations

Quotation

A Carnation, or Flesh-colour.
First you must lay on a white colour tempered with gumme-water, and when it is drie you must go it over againe with Vermilion or lake, or else you must temper ceruse and vermilleon together, and being dry, go over it againe with lake or vermillion.

flesh colour

Conceptual field(s)

MATERIALITE DE L’ŒUVRE → couleurs

Quotation

After you have made the white of the Eyes, and proportion of the Nose, &c. lay your Carnation or Flesh colour over the Face, casting in here and there some shadowes, which work in with the flesh colour by degrees. Your flesh-colour is commonly compounded of white lead, lake, and vermilion ; but you may heighthen or deepen it at your pleasure.

flesh colour

Conceptual field(s)

MATERIALITE DE L’ŒUVRE → couleurs
CONCEPTION DE LA PEINTURE → couleur
EFFET PICTURAL → qualité des couleurs

Quotation

CHAP. XXIV. Of Preparations for Limning.
[...]
V. Have ready a quantity of light carnation or flesh colour temperd up in a shell by it self with a weak gum water ; If it be a fair complexion mix white and red Lead together ; if a brown or swarthy, add to the former, Masticot, or English Oker, or both : but be sure the flesh colour be always lighter than the complexion you would limne ; for by working on it you may bring it to its true colour.

Conceptual field(s)

MATERIALITE DE L’ŒUVRE → couleurs
L’HISTOIRE ET LA FIGURE → figure et corps

Quotation

The manner of Laying the Ground Flesh-colour for a Face to be wrought upon with Cryons.


The best way is to colour the Paper that you intend to Draw on with a Carnatian or Flesh-colour, near the Complexion on the Party you intend to draw after ; […]. And because many times the Pastils will not sharpen to so good a point as Black or Red Chalk, you must be extremely careful to close and finish all your Work at last with Red and Black Chalk, which you may sharpen at your pleasure. I shall not need to insist upon particulars of this manner of Drawing, but if you please to take a view of that Book of Pictures, which are all drawn by the Life, by the Incomparable Hand of Hans Holbean, […] you will find something in those Ruines an Admirable Hand and Rare Manner of Working ; who with few Lines and little Labour expressed the Life so Extraordinarily well, that by many they are esteemed not much Inferiour to his Admirable Works in Oyl.

flesh colour

Conceptual field(s)

MATERIALITE DE L’ŒUVRE → couleurs
L’HISTOIRE ET LA FIGURE → figure et corps

Quotation

5. Have a pretty quantity of Carnation (as some call it) or Flesh-colour, somewhat lighter than the Complexion of the party your are to draw, tempered up in a shell by it self with a weak Gum-water. If it be a Fair complexion, White-lead and Red-lead mixed. If a Swarthie or Brown complexion, to your White and Red-lead add a quantity of Masticote, or English-Oker, or both if occasion be. But whatever the Complexion be, be sure you temper your Flesh-colour lighter than the party ; for by often working upon it you may bring it to its true colour, it being first too light ; but if it be first too sad, there then is no remedy.

Flesh-colour

Conceptual field(s)

MATERIALITE DE L’ŒUVRE → couleurs

Quotation

Chap. III, How to order your Colours upon your Pallat, and how to temper Shadows for all Complexions.
Dispose your single Colours upon your Pallat in this order, laying them at a convenient distance one from another, so that they be not apt to intermix. First lay on your Vermilion, then lake, then burnt Oker,
India Red, Pink, Umber, Blacks, and Smalt : lay the White next to your thumb, because it is oftenest used, for with it you lighten all your shadows ; next to your White lay a stiff sort of Lake : this done, your Pallat is furnished with the single Colours belonging to a Face ; then for the tempering of your Shadows to all Complexions, observe the following Directions.

1. For a Fair Complexion.
Take a little White, and twice as much Vermilion, and as much Lake temper these well together upon your Pallat with the flat blade of your knife ; lay aside by it self on your Pallat the greatest quantity of this to be used for the deepest Carnation of the Face […].
Your Carnations being thus tempered, and orderly laid upon your Pallat, prepare your faint Shadows. For which,
Take Smalt, and mix it with a little White, which may serve for the Eyes ; lay aside the greatest quantity, and to the rest add a little Pink, this well tempered and laid by it self, will serve for the faint greenish shadows in the Face.
Now prepare your deep Shadows : for which take Lake, Pink, […].

2.
For a more Brown or Swarthy Complexion.
Lay your single Colours on your Pallat as before, and in like manner temper them, only amongst your White Lake, and Vermilion, put a little quantity of burnt Oker, to make it look somewhat Tawny […].

3.
For a Tawny Complexion.
The general Colours must be the same as before, only the Shadows are different, for you are to prepare them of Umber, and burnt Oker, […].

4.
For an Absolute Black Complexion.
Your dark Shadows must be the same as before ; but for your heightnings, you must take White, burnt Oker, Lake, and Black, put but a little White in at first, […].
Here note, that the single Colours at first laid upon your Pallat being tempered together according to the former directions, serve for shadows for all Complexions.

Conceptual field(s)

MATERIALITE DE L’ŒUVRE → couleurs
GENRES PICTURAUX → portrait

Quotation

In Carnations, we must avoid the Affectation of too many Clear Red Colours, which more resemble the Skin when Flead of, then the true Natural Skin.

Conceptual field(s)

CONCEPTION DE LA PEINTURE → couleur
L’HISTOIRE ET LA FIGURE → figure et corps