TERM USED AS TRANSLATIONS IN QUOTATIONVERMILJOEN (nld.)
PEACHAM, Henry, The Gentlemans Exercise. Or, An exquisite practise, as well for drawing all manner of Beasts in their true Portraitures : as also the making of all kinds of colours, to be used in Limning, Painting, Tricking, and Blazon of Coates, and Armes, with divers other most delightfull and pleasurable observations, for all young Gentlemen and others. As also Serving for the necessary use and generall benefit of divers Trades-men and Artificers, as namely Painters, Ioners, Free-Masons, Cutters and Carvers, &c. for the farther gracing, beautifying, and garnishing of all their absolute and worthy pieces, either for Borders, Architects, or Columnes, &c., London, J. Legat, 1634.1 quotations
The First Booke of Drawing and Limning, Chap XXIII, The Etymologie and true mixture of colours, p. 81-83
The sorts of Red are these.
Browne of Spaine.
Your fairest and most principall Red is Vermilion, called in Latine Minium, it is a poyson, and found where great store of quicksilver is […].
Sinaper (in Latine called Cinnabaris,) it hath the name Lake of Lacca, a red Berry, whereof it is made growing in China and those places in the East Indies, as Master Gerrard shewed me out of this herball, maketh a deepe and beautifull red, or rather purple, almost like unto a red Rose […].
Grinde your Tops after the same manner you doe your lake, they are both of one nature.
Red Lead, in Latine is called Syricum, it was wont to bee made of Ceruse burnt […].
Turnesoile is made of old linnen rags died, you shall use it after this manner […].
You shall grinde your Roset with Brasill water, […].
Browne of Spaine.
Grind your Browne of Spaine with Brasill water, […].
Bole Armoniacke is but a faint colour, the chiefest use of it, is, as I have said, in making a size for burnisht gold.
BROWNE, Alexander, Ars Pictoria : or an Academy Treating of Drawing, Painting, Limning, Etching. To which are Added XXXI. Copper Plates, Expressing the Choicest, Nearest, and Most Exact Grounds and Rules of Symmetry. Collected out of the most Eminent Italian, German, and Netherland Authors. By Alexander Browne, Practitioner in the Art of Limning. The Second Edition, Corrected and Enlarged by the Author, London, Arthur Tooker - William Battersby, 1675.2 quotations
As for Vermillion, Verdigrease, Orpiment, &c. they are too course and gritty to use in water colours ; Turnsoile, Litmus blew, Rosset, Brasil, Logwood, Saffron, are more fit for washing prints then curious Limning.
Artifical Vermilion may be omitted, because that Native Cynnabar is better, of a Brisker Colour, and better Condition’d.
ANONYME, The Excellency of the Pen and Pencil, Exemplifying The Uses of them in the most Exquisite and Mysterious Arts of Drawing, Etching, Engraving, Limning, Painting in Oyl, Washing of Maps & Pictures. Also the way to Cleanse any Old Painting, and Preserve the Colours. Collected from the Writings of the ablest Masters both Ancient and Modern, as Albert Durer, P. Lomantius, and divers others. Furnished with divers Cuts in Copper, being Copied from the best Masters, and here inserted for Examples for the Learner to Practice by. A Work very useful for all Gentlemen, and other Ingenious Spirits, either Artificers or others, London, Dorman Newman, 1688.1 quotations
Of Limning in Water-Colours, The Third Book, Chap. II, Of Colours used in Limning : their names, and how to order them, p. 76
Red-lead, Lake and Vermilion, very little or no Vermilion, for it is not good in Limning.