PEACHAM, Henry, The Compleat Gentleman: Fashioning Him absolute in the most Necessary and Commendable Qualities, concerning Mind, or Body, that may be required in a Person of Honor. To which is added the Gentlemans Exercise or, An exquisite practise, as well for drawing all manner of Beasts, as for making Colours, to be used in Painting, Limning, &c. The Third Impression much inlarged, especially in the Art of Blazonry, by a very good Hand, London, E. Tyler, 1661.1 quotations
For Russes, Lawnes, Linnen.
For Linnen, take white Lead mingle with Charcoal black, so making it whiter or darker at your pleasure ; for your fine Lawnes, put a little oyl smalt in amongst it, and with a fine little bag of Taffata stuffed with wooll or the like, take up the colour and presse it hard down where you would have it.
For Velvets of all colours.
For black-velvet, take Lamp-black and Verdigreace for your first ground ; but when it is dry, lay it over with Ivory black and Verdigreace, (to help it to dry) and for the shadow, use white Lead, with a little Lamp-black.
For Green Velvet, take Lamp-black, and white Lead, and work it over like Russet Velvet ; then being dry, draw it only with Verdigreace, and a little Pinke, and it will be a perfect Green Velvet.
For a Sea-water Green Velvet, lay on the foresaid mingled Russet Verdigreace only ; if you will have it more grassie, put to more Pinke.
For a Yellowish Green, put a little Masticot among your Verdigreace at your pleasure : but note this, all your shadowing must be in the Russet, and these Greens only drawn lightly over.
For Red Velvet, take Vermilion, and shadow it with Brown of Spain, and where you will have it darkest, take Sea-coale black mingled with Spanish Brown, and shadow where you will, letting it dry ; then glaze it over with Lake, and it will be a perfect red Velvet.
For a Crimson, or Carnation Velvet, put the more or less white Lead to the Vermilion, as you shal see cause.
For a Blew Velvet, take Masticot and yellow Oker, and deepen it for the shadow with Umber.
For Tauny Velvet, take Brown of Spain, white Lead, and Lamp-black, mixed with a little Verdigreace to shadow it, where you see occasion ; and when it is dry, glaze it over with a little Lake, and red Velvet added unto it.
For Purple Velvet, take Oyl Smalt, and temper it with Lake, half Lake, half Smalt ; then take white Lead and order it as bright or as sad as you list.
For Ash-coloured Velvet ; take Char-coale black, and white Lead, and make a perfect Russet of the same, deepning it with the black, or heightning it with your white at your pleasure.
For Hair-coloured Velvet, grinde Umber by it self with Oyl, and lay it on your Picture, and heighten with white Lead and the same Umber.
For Sattens in Oyl Colours.
For Black Satten, grinde Lamp-black with Oyl, then mixe it with some white Lead ; where you will have it shine most, mingle some Lake with your white Lead.
For White Satten, take white Lead ground with Oyl, then grinde Ivory black by it self, and where you will have it sad, adde more of the black.
For Green Satten, take Verdigreace and grinde it by it self, then mixe some white Lead with it ; and where you will have it bright, adde some Pinke : if more inclining to a Popingjay, adde more Pinke to your white Lead : and to deepen it more, adde more Verdigreace.
For Yellow Satten, grinde Masticot by it self, yellow Oker by it self, and Umber by it self ; where you will have it lightest, let the Masticot serve ; where a light shadow, let the Oker serve ; where the darkest or saddest, Umber only.
For Blew Satten, take Oyl Smalt, and white Lead, ground by themselves ; white Lead for the heightning, and Smalt for your deepning, or darkest shadow.
For Purple Satten, mixe Oyl, Smalt, with Lake, and white Lead : heightning with white Lead.
For Orenge Tauny Satten, take red Lead and Lake ; where you will have it brightest, take red Lead by it self, and where made sad, Lake.
For Red Satten, grinde Brown of Spain by it self, mingling Vermilion with the same ; where you would have it light, put it a little white Lead.
For Hair-coloured Satten, take Umber and white Lead ; heighten with your white Lead, and for the darke shadow of the cuts, adde to your Umber a little Sea-coale black.
Make your Taffata’s all one as you do your Sattens, but you must observe the shadowing of Taffata’s ; for they fall more fine with the folds, and are thicker by much.
For changeable Taffata’s, take sundry colours, what you please, and lay them upon your garment or picture one by another ; first casting out the folds, then with your Pencil driving and working them finely one into another.
Cloth likewise is as your Sattens, but that you must not five so shining and sudden a glosse unto it.
As Busse, take yellow Oker, and some white Lead mixed with it : and where you will have it darker, by degrees, mixe Umber with it, and when you have wrought it over, take a broad Pencil and frieze it over with Umber, and a little Sea-coale black.
For yellow Leather, take Masticot and yellow Oker, shadow it with Umber at your pleasure.
For black Leather for shooes, Lamp-black, shadowed with white Lead.
For white Leather, white Lead, shadowed with Ivory black.
SALMON, William, Polygraphice, Or The Art of Drawing, Engraving, Etching, Limning, Painting, Washing, Varnishing, Colouring and Dying. In three Books. I. Shews the Drawing of Men, and other Animal Creatures, Landskips, Countries, and Figures of Various Forms. II. The way of Engraving, Etching and Limning, with all their Requisits and Ornaments. III. The way of Painting, Washing, Varnishing, Colouring, and Dying, according to the Method of the best Authors now Extant. Exemplified in the Painting of the Antients, Washing of Maps, Globes, or Pictures ; Dying of Cloth, Silks, Bones, Wood, Glass, Stones and Metals : together with the way of Varnishing thereof according to any Purpose or Intent. The Like never yet Extant. By W. S. a Lover of Art, London, E.T. and R.H., 1672.1 quotations
CHAP. I. Of Painting in Oyl, & the Materials thereof.
I. Painting in Oyl is nothing but the work or Art of Limning performed with colours made up or mixed with oyl.
II. The materials of Painting are chiefly seven, 1. The Easel, 2. The Pallet, 3. The Straining frame, 4. The Primed cloath, 5. Pensils, 6. The Stay, 7. Colours. [...] VI. The Primed cloath is that which is to be painted upon ; and is thus prepared.
ANONYME, The Excellency of the Pen and Pencil, Exemplifying The Uses of them in the most Exquisite and Mysterious Arts of Drawing, Etching, Engraving, Limning, Painting in Oyl, Washing of Maps & Pictures. Also the way to Cleanse any Old Painting, and Preserve the Colours. Collected from the Writings of the ablest Masters both Ancient and Modern, as Albert Durer, P. Lomantius, and divers others. Furnished with divers Cuts in Copper, being Copied from the best Masters, and here inserted for Examples for the Learner to Practice by. A Work very useful for all Gentlemen, and other Ingenious Spirits, either Artificers or others, London, Dorman Newman, 1688.1 quotations
A Straining-frame is nothing else but a frame made of wood, to which with nails you must fasten your Cloth that you are to paint upon ; of these Frames you should have of several sizes, according to the bigness of your Cloths.
By your Cloth I mean Cloth primed. I could teach you how to prime it, but it is a moiling work, and besides, it may be bought ready primed cheaper and better than you can do it your self. Few Painters (though all can do it) prime it themselves, but buy it ready done.
SMITH, Marshall, The Art of Painting According to the Theory and Practise of the Best Italian, French, and Germane Masters. Treating of The Antiquity of Painting. The Reputation it allways had. The Characters of severall Masters. Proportion. Action and Passion. The Effects of Light. Perspective. Draught. Colouring. Ordonnance. Far more Compleat and Compendious then hath yet been publisht by any, Ancient or Modern. By M. S. Gent., London, The Vendüe, 1692.1 quotations
Chap XXVII, The Instruments and Materials us’d in Painting and the preparing Colours to the Pallat.
[...]. [...] Your Cloath must be of an even thread : [...].