INKT (n. m.)

VARNISH (eng.) · VERNIS (fra.)
TERM USED IN EARLY TRANSLATIONS
/ · INK (eng.) · VARNISH (eng.)

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Apelles wist sich uytnemende wel te maetighen in alle het ghene de Konst aengaet: Dies hield hy het mede ongheraedsaem, d’ooghen der aenschouwers, door de vroolickheyd van aenporrende heldere Coleuren al te seer te verwecken; maer hy plaght sijne volwrochte stucken door eenen onnaevolghelicken treck met sulcken dunnen inckt over te vernissen, dat d’al te groote gloeyenheyd der verwen daer door verdooft wierd, dat sijne stucken door dit middel van stof en vuyligheyd beschermt waeren, en datmen t’overstrijcksel des selvighen inckts maer allen van naeby konde beseffen. Hy heeft reden ghenoegh daer toe ghehadt, seght Plinius {Lib. xxxv Cap. 10.}, want hy den luster sijner glimmender Coleuren een weynigh socht te versmooren en te verdonckeren, wel wetende dat den glants der selvigher d’ooghen der aenschouwers soo lichtelick niet en konde verveelen, wanneer sy de klaer glinsterende verwen maer alleen van verde als door een spieghel-steen besichtighden.

[Suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] Apelles knew oustandingly well to moderate in all that the Art is concerned: As such he thought it also unadvisable to seduce the eyes of the spectators too much with the cheerfulness of stimulating bright colours; but he tended to varnice his completed pieces with an inimitable stroke with such a thin ink, that the excessive glowing of colours was tempered by it, that his pieces were protected from dust and dirt by this substance and that one could only perceive the covering with this ink from up close. He has had reason enough for it, says Plinius {…}, as he attempted to smother and darken the lustre of his shining colours a little bit, knowing well that the glow of it would not so easily bore the eyes of the spectators, when they only look at the brightly sparkling colours from a distance as through a mirror-stone.

Junius discusses the different uses of varnish, calling it ink (inkt). He explains how varnishing (vernissen) could be used to protect the paintings. He then cites Pliny with regard to the ancient painter Apelles, making clear that the main function of varnish was however to smother (versmoren) and darken (verdonkeren) the colours of the painting, as their excessive shine (glans) would otherwise quickly bore the public. It is remarkable that Junius uses the verb ‘to varnish’ (vernissen), but describes the varnish itself in less explicit terms, namely ‘’t overstrijcksel des […] inkts’ (the cover by […] ink). [MO]

term translated by / in JUNIUS, Franciscus, De pictura veterum libri tres, Amsterdam, Joannes Blaeu, 1637., p.175
term translated by INK in JUNIUS, Franciscus, The Painting of the Ancients, in Three Bookes : declaring by Historicall Observations and Examples, the Beginning, Progresse, and Consummation of that most Noble Art. And how those Ancient Artificers attained to their still so much admired Excellencie. Written first in latine by Franciscus Junius, F. F. And now by him englished, with some Additions and Alterations, trad. par JUNIUS, Franciscus, London, Richard Hodgkinsonne, 1638., p.285-286
term translated by VARNISH in JUNIUS, Franciscus, The Painting of the Ancients, in Three Bookes : declaring by Historicall Observations and Examples, the Beginning, Progresse, and Consummation of that most Noble Art. And how those Ancient Artificers attained to their still so much admired Excellencie. Written first in latine by Franciscus Junius, F. F. And now by him englished, with some Additions and Alterations, trad. par JUNIUS, Franciscus, London, Richard Hodgkinsonne, 1638., p.285-286

Conceptual field(s)

MATERIALITE DE L’ŒUVRE → couleurs
EFFET PICTURAL → qualité des couleurs