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Het is wel waer dat den ongheleerden Konst-liever eenighe goede stucken ontmoetende, door ’t behulp sijnes naturelicken vernufts en d’enckele ghewoonte sijner ooghen de uytnemenheyd van de Konste der werck-meesters eenighsins uyt sijne maniere van teykeningh, uyt sijne verwen, uyt sijne hooghsels en diepsels, uyt sijne stellinghe en andere dinghen van dien aerd lichtelick en met een onuytsprekelick vermaeck sal begrijpen ende onderscheyden, maer dit ’s al het ghene hy doen kan, want het hem niet moghelick is de andere verborgentheden der Konste dieper te door-gronden; aenghesien het maer alleen het werck is van die ghene de welcke waerlick gheleert sijn, een rechtsinnigh oordeel van de gantsche gheleghenheyd der Inventie te strijcken, t’overweghen of alle de figuren in haere behoorlicke plaetse ghestelt sijn, en of daer in de selvighe door een Konstighe ingheestinghe het waere leven van sodaenighe herst-tochten, beroeringhen, beweghinghen inghestort syn, die met de gelegenheyd van het afgebeelde Historische of sedenvormende argument over een komen.

[Suggested translation, Marije Osnabrugge:] It is then true that the uneducated Art-lover, when running into some good pieces, with the help of his natural insight and the simple routine of his eyes, will easily and with a unspeakable pleasure understand and discern the excellence of the Art of the artisan, a bit from its manner of drawing, from its colours, from its highlights and depths, from its composition and other similar things, but this is all he can do, because it is impossible for him to better fathom the other hidden things of Art; seen that it is only the work of those who are truly learned, to strike a rightful judgement of the whole situation of the Invention, deliberating whether all the figures are placed in the appropriate place and whether the true live of such passions, stirrings and movements have been poured into it through an Artful interpretation, that coincides with the situation of the depicted Historical or virtuous subject.

Junius distinguishes different levels of art connoisseurship. Most art-lovers (kunstliefhebbers) are able to judge the formal aspects of an art works, such as the design, use of colours and light and its composition. However, there are far less people who can recognize and pass fair judgement (oordeel) in regard to the invention and the way the passions and the subject are portrayed. Junius uses the term ‘ingheestinghe’ to describe the interpretation of the artist of these elements. This section is not included in the Latin edition of 1637. [MO]

Conceptual field(s)

SPECTATEUR → jugement
SPECTATEUR → connaissance