PEACHAM, Henry, The Gentlemans Exercise. Or, An exquisite practise, as well for drawing all manner of Beasts in their true Portraitures : as also the making of all kinds of colours, to be used in Limning, Painting, Tricking, and Blazon of Coates, and Armes, with divers other most delightfull and pleasurable observations, for all young Gentlemen and others. As also Serving for the necessary use and generall benefit of divers Trades-men and Artificers, as namely Painters, Ioners, Free-Masons, Cutters and Carvers, &c. for the farther gracing, beautifying, and garnishing of all their absolute and worthy pieces, either for Borders, Architects, or Columnes, &c., London, J. Legat, 1634.1 quotations
Chap. XXI, Of the severall Gummes that are used in grinding of water colours.
The first and principal is Gumme Arabicke, choose it by the whitenesse, cleerenesse, and the brittlenesse of it being broken betweene your teenth ; […].
2. Gumme Hedera, […]
3. Gumme lake. […].
4. Gumme Armoniacke. […].
BATE, John, The Mysteryes of Nature and Art : Conteined in foure severall Tretises, The first of water workes The second of Fyer workes. The third of Drawing, Colouring, Painting, and Engraving. The fourth of divers Experiments as wel serviceable as delightful: partly Collected, and partly of the Authors Peculiar Pratice, and Invention, London, Ralph Mab - Thomas Harper, 1634.1 quotations
To make Gum water to temper your Colours with.
Take cleane water, and put into it of gum Arabicke a little, and let it stand untill the gumme be dissolued. Now you must have a care that it be neither too thicke, by reason of the Gumme, nor yet too thin : for with the one you cannot worke well, and the other will not binde the colour fast.
SALMON, William, Polygraphice, Or The Art of Drawing, Engraving, Etching, Limning, Painting, Washing, Varnishing, Colouring and Dying. In three Books. I. Shews the Drawing of Men, and other Animal Creatures, Landskips, Countries, and Figures of Various Forms. II. The way of Engraving, Etching and Limning, with all their Requisits and Ornaments. III. The way of Painting, Washing, Varnishing, Colouring, and Dying, according to the Method of the best Authors now Extant. Exemplified in the Painting of the Antients, Washing of Maps, Globes, or Pictures ; Dying of Cloth, Silks, Bones, Wood, Glass, Stones and Metals : together with the way of Varnishing thereof according to any Purpose or Intent. The Like never yet Extant. By W. S. a Lover of Art, London, E.T. and R.H., 1672.1 quotations
CHAP. XVI. Of the Gumms and their Use.
I. The chief of all is Gum-Arabick, that which is white, clear and brittle ; the Gum-water of it is made thus :
Take Gum Arabick, bruise it and tie it up in a fine clean linnen cloath, and put it into a convenient quantity of pure spring water, in a glass or earthen vessel ; [...].
II. Gum-lake ; it is made of whites of Eggs beaten and strained, [...].
This gum will resolve in water like gum Arabick, of which gum water is made in like manner ; it is a good ordinary varnish for pictures.
III. Gum Hedera, or gum of Ivy ; it is gotten out of Ivy, [...].
IV. Gum Armoniacum, It is a forrein gum, and ought to be bought strained. [...].
ANONYME, The Excellency of the Pen and Pencil, Exemplifying The Uses of them in the most Exquisite and Mysterious Arts of Drawing, Etching, Engraving, Limning, Painting in Oyl, Washing of Maps & Pictures. Also the way to Cleanse any Old Painting, and Preserve the Colours. Collected from the Writings of the ablest Masters both Ancient and Modern, as Albert Durer, P. Lomantius, and divers others. Furnished with divers Cuts in Copper, being Copied from the best Masters, and here inserted for Examples for the Learner to Practice by. A Work very useful for all Gentlemen, and other Ingenious Spirits, either Artificers or others, London, Dorman Newman, 1688.1 quotations
SECT. I. Of Gums and Gum waters used in Limning.
The principal Gum is Gum-Arabick ; get the best that may be, which you shall know by the whiteness and clearness ; if it be yellowish, of an Amber colour, it is naught.
To make Gum-water hereof, do thus […].
Gum-Lake is a compounded Gum made of many ingredients, as of whites of Eggs beaten and strained, of Honey, Gum of Ivy, strong Wort ; these ingredients mingled together will at last run like an Oyl, which at last will congeal and be hard. Trouble not your self to make it, but buy it ready made ; chuse it as you do the Gum-Arabick by the clearness, and then you need not fear it. […].
Of this Gum you may make a Water, that whatsoever you write therewith you may lay in Gold.
The manner of making the Water is thus […].