ENGRAVING IN WOOD (n.)
SALMON, William, Polygraphice, Or The Art of Drawing, Engraving, Etching, Limning, Painting, Washing, Varnishing, Colouring and Dying. In three Books. I. Shews the Drawing of Men, and other Animal Creatures, Landskips, Countries, and Figures of Various Forms. II. The way of Engraving, Etching and Limning, with all their Requisits and Ornaments. III. The way of Painting, Washing, Varnishing, Colouring, and Dying, according to the Method of the best Authors now Extant. Exemplified in the Painting of the Antients, Washing of Maps, Globes, or Pictures ; Dying of Cloth, Silks, Bones, Wood, Glass, Stones and Metals : together with the way of Varnishing thereof according to any Purpose or Intent. The Like never yet Extant. By W. S. a Lover of Art, London, E.T. and R.H., 1672.1 quotations
CHAP. VI. Of Engraving in Wood.
I. The figures that are to be carved or graven in wood must first be drawn, traced, or pasted upon the wood ; and afterwards all the other standing of the wood (except the figure) must be cut away with little narrow pointed knives made for that purpose.
This graving in wood is far more tedious and difficult, than that in Brass or Copper ; because you must cut twice or thrice to take out one stroak ; and having cut it, to be careful in picking it out, left you should break any part of the work, which would deface it.
II. For the kind of the wood let it be hard and tough ; [...].
III. To draw the figures upon the wood.