After the first view of a Picture you may limit the understanding (without more difficulty) in few observations ; as first.
1. The Artizans care and paines must be visible,
2. It must appeare that he had knowledge and understanding in the Art, and followed it in every particular throughout ; Not as if done by severall hands, good and indifferent.
3. Then observe if he have expressed his Naturall Genius, with delight, upon some special fancy, as more proper to himself, than any other.
For Example, some.
In Historie and Figure.
Others in Prospective.
Some in Shipwrack and Seas.
In likenesse to th’ Life.
In Landskips, not many.
In Huntings and Beasts.
Cattle and Neat-heards.
And in each of these severall Artists have been (properly) more rare.
BROWNE, Alexander, Ars Pictoria : or an Academy Treating of Drawing, Painting, Limning, Etching. To which are Added XXXI. Copper Plates, Expressing the Choicest, Nearest, and Most Exact Grounds and Rules of Symmetry. Collected out of the most Eminent Italian, German, and Netherland Authors. By Alexander Browne, Practitioner in the Art of Limning. The Second Edition, Corrected and Enlarged by the Author, London, Arthur Tooker - William Battersby, 1675.1 quotations
Neither yet is this Proportion proper unto painting alone, but extendeth it self even unto all other Arts […] ; because it was the first pattern of all Artificial things : So that there is no Art, but is someway beholding to Proportion : yet notwithstanding the Painter as (Loo Baptista Albertus affirmeth) insomuch as he considereth mans Body more especially, is justly preferred before all other Artizans, which imitate the same, because antiquity meaning to grace Painting above all the rest, Handicrafts men exempting onely Painters out of that number.